History of tourism in the 19th century - cruise tourism between 1890 and 1914


Duration: since 2019

Cruise tourism, which began to emerge in the 1890s, combines the central developments of modern tourism of the 19th century in one tourist product. The project examines cruise tourism to the Mediterranean, Norway and Spitsbergen from standardisation and assembly to the serial production of touristic offers (Enzensberger) and thereby focuses on tourism infrastructure and tourism practice.
In addition to forms of concrete acquisition of the destinations , research also focuses on the function of contemporary places of longing (North Cape, pyramids, Jerusalem) for the touristic mobilisation of the European bourgeoisie. 
A wide range of sources offers, just like a kaleidoscope, insights into the beginning of German cruise history, tourism in the 19th century, life on board a cruise ship and the everyday life of tourists and crew. In a publication project with the Osburg Verlag (Hamburg), the history of the first German Mediterranean cruise on the "Augusta Victoria" (1891) is told very closely to and through the people of the time - as a cultural history of early cruise tourism.

Editor: Prof. Dr. Christian Bunnenberg

Excursion with consequences? - The "Orient Voyage" of the "Augusta Victoria" 1891

For the December 2021 issue of the APuZ entitled "Travel and Tourism", Christian Bunnenberg has written an article on "Excursion with consequences. The "Orient Voyage" of the "Augusta Victoria" in 1891 and the history of cruise tourism". Click here to go directly to the article or to the entire issue.


  • On 16 November 2022, the 88th podcast episode of "Anno PunktPunktPunkt" was released in which the host Philipp Janssen and Christian Bunnenberg talk about cruise tourism in the late 19th century. Click here for the podcast episode.
  • On 11 January 2022, Christian Bunnenberg was a guest on "Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte - Der Podcast". In the fourth episode of the podcast, entitled "Reisen und Tourismus" (Travel and Tourism), Christian Bunnenberg talks with the host Holger Klein about "Excursion with consequences. The "Orient Voyage" of the "Augusta Victoria" in 1891 and the history of cruise tourism". You can listen to the contribution here.
  • On March 14, 2021, the WAZ am Sonntag reported in detail about the project "Kreuzfahrttourismus im 19. Jahrhundert - die Mittelmeerkreuzfahrt mit der "Augusta Victoria" ["Cruise tourism in the 19th century - the Mediterranean cruise with the "Augusta Victoria" 1891"]. Click here for the article.
  • On 21 August 2020, the culture journalist Susanne Schnabel spoke about Christian Bunnenberg's book project on the first Mediterranean cruise in 1891 in the radio show Kultur am Mittag (WDR 3).
    You can listen to the episode here.
  • The radio feature was also played on 25 August 2020 at WDR 5 Scala - aktuelle Kultur.