The digital twin for efficient and precise production of concrete modules


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus König Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Informatik im Bauwesen

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Detlef Gerhard Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Digital Engineering

Scientific staff

Oliver Vogt, M.Sc. Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Digital Engineering

Simon Kosse, M.Sc. Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl für Informatik im Bauwesen

Project Description

The project "The digital twin for the fast and precise production of concrete modules" is essentially concerned with creating a complete, consistent and up-to-date model representation across the various phases and partial aspects of the BIM process. BIM (Building Information Modeling) is understood as an information management method for construction projects, which is based on the consistent use of digital models over the entire building life cycle [1]. This consistency is essential for an efficient overall process chain in the sense of an industrialized production based on Industry 4.0 concepts and CPPS (Cyber-Physical Production Systems) [2] from mechanical engineering. The digital twin [3] as a digital representation in real time of product, process and resources ultimately functions as a hub for all data analysis and visualization tools as well as for the control of industrial production lines.
The work programme initially comprises the development of ontologies for various aspects of the overall process for modules made of freely formable high-performance materials, in particular design, function, production, quality, service life and recyclability. For an agile and adaptive process, a continuous management of requirements in terms of smart engineering with corresponding traceability is essential. For this purpose, the formal description of tolerances and domain-specific quality characteristics and the development of rule languages for automatic testing (tracking and tracing) are being researched. An essential work package is the development of the administration shell according to RAMI 4.0 [4] and interaction models, in particular the integration of existing data models of the construction industry with the administration shell in order to enable a holistic view of the planning and production of a building and the development of man-machine and machine-to-machine communication including semantic query languages for information exchange. At the end of the project, based on the preliminary work, basic concepts for the visualization and navigation of the digital twin and its interactions will be developed, using technologies from the field of virtual and augmented reality for human-machine interaction. The evaluation of the elaborated or prototypically implemented methods and models within the framework of the Priority Program 2187 forms the conclusion of the project.

Poster on the project contents

Figure 1: Work programme and methods
Figure 1: Work programme and methods



[6] Kosse, S.; Vogt, O.; Wolf, M.; König, M.; Gerhard, D.
Digitaler Zwilling für die automatisierte Produktion von Betonfertigteilen
Bautechnik 99 (6), 2022, 

[5] Kosse, S., Vogt, O, Wolf, M., König, M., and Gerhard, D.
Digital Twin Framework for Enabling Serial Construction
Frontiers in Built Environment (2022), DOI: 10.3389/fbuil.2022.864722,


[4] Wolf, M.; Vogt, O.; Huxoll, J.; Gerhard, D.; Kosse, S.; König, M.
Lifecycle oriented digital twin approach for prefabricated concrete modules
ECPPM 2021 – Ework and EBuisness in Architecture, Engineering and Construction, 2021, pp. 305-312. (


[3] Gerhard, D.; Wolf, M.; Huxoll, J.; Vogt, O.
Digital Twin Representations of Concrete Modules in an Interdisciplinary Context of Construction and Manufacturing Industry.
PLM 2020: Product Lifecycle Management Enabling Smart X, pp 101–115

[2]    König, M.; Gerhard, D.
Der digitale Zwilling für die schnelle und präzise Fertigung von Betonmodulen.
In: BetonWerk International Nr. 6, 2020, S. 24-26
Link zum Artikel

[1]    Gerhard, D.; Neges, M.; Wolf, M.
Übertragung vom Konzept des Digitalen Zwillings auf die Produktion von Betonfertigteilen in der Bauindustrie.
ZWF Zeitschrift für wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb, Sonderausgabe 2020, S.58-61

Supervised theses


[1] Saptas, M.
The digital twin in design, planning and production of precast concrete elements
Masterarbeit, Ruhr Universität Bochum, Fakultät für Bau- und Umweltingenieurwissenschaften, Lehrstuhl für Massivbau und Lehrstuhl für Informatik im Bauwesen, Betreuer: Forman, P., Kosse, S.


Prof. Heinrich Werner Best Paper Award beim Forum Bauinformatik 2022:

  • Title: Integration of BIM and Industry 4.0 - approach for rapid deployment of digital twins for modular construction
  • Autoren: Jan Heinbach, Bennet Hülsmann und Simon Kosse