The Bochum Gateway to World Englishes





New Zealand

In the Pacific, the English language has been around since English settlers (mainly convicts at the time) first arrived in Australia and New Zealand in the late 18th century. Today, English is spoken as a mother tongue by the descendants of the original British settlers.

At the same time, it is either a mother tongue or a second language to the indigenous population, the Aborigines and the Maori, as well as to the large number of individuals
who have a migration background and whose speech communities originally used another language. English also had an influence on many of
the smaller islands of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. In Papua New Guinea and on many of the various Pacific islands, English-based pidgins and creoles are used, often alongside a more standard form of English.

Map Pacific

At present, reviews and exercises as well as film and literature tips are available for the countries listed in the left frame.

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International Association for World Englishes (IAWE)


International Corpus of English Website

International Dialects of English Archive

English Linguistics



© Christiane Meierkord
and individual reviewers