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North America


United States


The Caribbean



English has been used on the American continent ever since the first English settlements were established along the coasts of what today are the United States of America and Canada, from the late 16th century onwards. As early as 1619, the first African slaves were brought to America, often bringing an English-based pidgin with them.

Pidgin and creole languages are also associated with the Caribbean, and these varieties of English continue to thrive in both areas. In the Caribbean, they co-exist with varieties of English spoken by the descendants of the British who settled in the area from the 17th century onwards.

Despite an originally predominantly British influence, the closeness to the United States has resulted in a growing influence of American English in the Caribbean. In Central and South America, English is increasingly used as a second international language, alonside Spanish and Portuguese.

Map Americas

At present, reviews and exercises as well as film and literature tips are available for the countries listed in the left frame.

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International Association for World Englishes (IAWE)


International Corpus of English Website

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English Linguistics



© Christiane Meierkord
and individual reviewers