Zeche Zollverein
Photo: Avda, [CC-BY-SA-3.0], Wikimedia Commons

Essen: Zeche Zollverein

Essen-Stoppennberg is the district where the former coal mine Zeche Zollverein is located. In operation between 1847 and 1986, it has now become one of the country's best known industrial monuments. It was set up by the industrialist Franz Haniel, who was mining for coking coal deposits in Essen, crucial for steel production. After decommissioning in 1986, the mine was purchased by Land NRW and listed as a protected building. Today, it is a renowned centre in the art and creative industry; it houses, for example, the Ruhr Museum's scientific and historical collections. Since 2001, the mine has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.