MGPP-Logo U. Krämer M. Piotrowski M. Bernal B. Pietzenuk Parviz Moradi Vinod Kumar Natalia Wozniak Fakultät

ERC Project "LEAP-EXTREME"

Local Edaphic Adaptation in Plants through Leveraging an Extremophile Model (Call ERC-2017-ADG)
 

Abstract / Proposal Summary
  

The discontinuous mosaic of soil compositions on the Earth’s changeable surface intermittently requires the adaptation of plants as crucial mediators for ecosystems with the inorganic lithosphere harbouring all nutrient, but also toxic minerals. Only few gene variants have been implicated in local soil adaptation. There is a general lack of information about their relation with soil composition in the field, the manner in which such adaptations function and evolve, and why they arise in some taxa but never in others. To answer these questions, we will take advantage of the repeated evolution and the unusually large phenotypic ranges for multiple edaphic traits in Arabidopsis halleri. This species has undergone uniquely divergent natural selection for increased hyperaccumulation in leaves of the toxic metals zinc and cadmium as well as metal hypertolerance on ordinary soils, and for enhanced hypertolerance involving attenuated metal hyperaccumulation on heavy metal-contaminated soils.
Capitalizing on the most comprehensive collection ever established of a wild extremophile, and with a pioneering approach recording critical field data for each genotype, we will conduct large-scale genome resequencing and identify multi-trait multi-gene associations, complemented by genetic linkage mapping based on crosses. Local edaphic adaptation causal variants will be placed into the context of metal homeostasis network architecture and plasticity using transcriptomics, and we will comparatively evaluate mutation rates in A. halleri under ecologically relevant edaphic conditions.
Implementing state-of-the-art genome-enabled and novel phenotyping methodologies in this wild and biologically complex species will require continuous pioneering developments. Our work will deliver novel fundamental insights into local adaptation in plants and identify large-effect gene variants with potential for applications in environmental restoration, biotechnology and crop breeding.

 

Figure 1 Geographic maps of field survey of metal accumulation in Arabidopsis halleri. From: Stein et al. (2017) New Phytologist 213, 1274-1286 (DOI: 10.1111/nph.14219)

 

Figure 2 Relationships between metal concentrations in leaves and available soil metal concentrations in field survey of Arabidopsis halleri. From: Stein et al. (2017) New Phytologist 213, 1274-1286 (DOI: 10.1111/nph.14219)
 

Associated Scientists

  • Vinod Kumar
    Dr. Vinod Kumar
    Postdoc
    Office: 2/24 (+49 234/32-24266)
    Lab: 3/64 (+49 234/32-24296)
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  • Natalia Wozniak
    Dr. Natalia Wozniak
    Postdoc
    Office: 3/73 (+49 234/32-24302)
    Lab: 3/71 (+49 234/32-24300)
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  • Björn Pietzenuk
    Dr. Björn Pietzenuk
    Postdoc
    Office: 2/24  (+49 234/32-24266)
    Lab: 2/25  (+49 34/32-24267)
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  • Nade˛da Janina
    Nadežda Janina
    Ph.D student
    Office: 2/36 (+49 234/32-29958)
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  • Marleen Scholle
    Marleen Scholle
    Ph.D student
    Office: 3/62 (+49 234/32-24274)
    Lab: 3/64 (+49 234/32-24296)
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  • Petra Düchting
    Petra Düchting
    Technician
    Office: 3/24 (+49 234/32-24287)
    Lab: 3/74 (+49 234/32-24303)
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  • Iris Sandorf
    Iris Sandorf
    Technician
    Office: 2/31 (+49 234/32-24273)
    Lab: Lab: 3/69 (+49 234/32-24281)
  • Ute Krämer
    Prof. Dr. Ute Krämer
    Head of Department
    Office: 3/30  (+49 234/32-28004)
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