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The Bochum Collaborative Research Centres at a glance

Innovation and interdisciplinarity – this is what characterises the Collaborative Research Centres at RUB.

Collaborative Research Centres and Transregios with coordinator function at Ruhr-Universität Bochum

 

With Plasmas to Form New Materials

SFB/TR 87: Pulsed High Power Plasmas for the Synthesis of Nanostructured Functional Layers

The path to new materials, e.g. for storage media for mobile phones, PCs, but also for future energy systems, goes via plasma technology. In the Research Department “Plasmas with Complex Interactions”, researchers from information technology, physics and mechanical engineering are researching fundamental questions of plasma physics from the atom in the gaseous phase down to performance characteristics of coated material surfaces.
Plasma can be used to coat materials and thus protect them from wear. Such coatings can also increase the storage capacities of computers and thus also make mobile phones smaller. The diverse properties and fields of use of plasma offer the opportunity to develop innovative materials.
The Collaborative Research Centre investigates how plasma behaves on certain surfaces and which interactions result from this. The central topic in Bochum are what are called pulsed plasmas, which are partially supported by magnetic fields. They could be important for synthesising intelligent coating systems in the future.

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Gas Turbines of Tomorrow

SFB/TR 103: From atom to turbine blade – scientific foundations for a new generation of monocrystalline superalloys

Monocrystalline turbine blades in gas turbines are as indispensable for keeping modern society moving as they are for providing a steady, sustainable supply of electricity. The key materials for these turbine blades are so-called monocrystalline superalloys – alloys based on nickel and cobalt.
In order to achieve both a higher degree of efficiency and greater sustainability with these superalloys, the collaborative research centre project SFB/Transregio 103 “From atom to turbine blade – scientific foundations for a new generation of monocrystalline superalloys” is investigating the basis for a new monocrystalline technology.
Fundamental questions lie at centre of the research – for example, questions concerning which structural formation processes occur during production using vacuum investment casting or additive manufacturing, and how microstructures withstand high-temperature mechanical stress. SFB/TR 103 brings together researchers from the fields of materials science and engineering, solid state physics and chemistry, and cross-scale material modelling and production engineering.


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Safety in Tunnel Construction

SFB 837: Interaction Modelling in Mechanised Tunnelling 
How can a tunnel be built without putting the surrounding roads and buildings at risk? The geological situation has to be known very precisely. And the requirements for such an undertaking are justifiably high. Yet there is still a risk. The safety requirements also demand expensive measures. 
In collaborative research centre 837 "Interaction modelling in mechanised tunnelling", researchers draw up models in order to make tunnel construction more economical and safer. They develop numeric models, computer-supported simulation methods and draft concepts to realistically portray the complex interactions between the building ground, the tunnel boring machine, support measures and above-ground building development in a computer model. And problems should thus be identified reliably before the working face, the point at which the cutting wheel digs the tunnel. Knowledge from this Collaborative Research Centre enables tunnel projects to be planned and implemented better.


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How Perception Becomes a Memory

SFB 874: Integration and Representation of Sensory Processes
Helping memory on its way is the intention of researchers in Collaborative Research Centre 874 "Integration and Representation of Sensory Processes". The researchers involved research how perception turns into memory and behaviour.
Hearing, smell, taste, sight, touch, balance, and pain: the fundamentals of sensory perceptions and the areas of the brain in which they are found have largely been researched. In contrast, SFB 874 is interested in the next step: how are our sensory signals processed in the brain and thus combined with each other to create a complex memory? Collaborative Research Centre 874 is closing this gap.
The researchers work with a system-oriented neuro-scientific strategy to understand the interaction between sensory signals, perception, behaviour and memory and investigate the respective interdependencies.


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For the following Transregios, Ruhr Universität Bochum is the co-applicant institution:

 

SFB/TR 196: Mobile Material Characterization and Localization by Electromagnetic Sensing (MARIE)

Coordinating university and co-applicant institution: Universität Duisburg-Essen, other partners: UniversitätWuppertal, TU Darmstadt, Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques, Fraunhofer Institute for Microelectronic Circuits and Systems
Funding since 2017

SFB/TR 191: Symplectic Structures in Geometry, Algebra and Dynamics
Coordinating university and co-applicant institution: Universität zu Köln, additional partners: Universität Münster
Funding since 2017

SFB/TR 110: Symmetries and the Emergence of Structure in QCD
Coordinating university: Bonn, additional co-applicant institution: TU München, Peking University, partner: Research Center Jülich
Funding since 2016

SFB/TR 129: Oxyflame - Development of Models and Methods to describe Solid Fuel Combustion in an Oxy Fuel Atmosphere
Coordinating university: RWTH Aachen, additional co-applicant institution: TU Darmstadt
Funding since 2013

SFB/TR 60: Mutual interaction of chronic viruses with cells of the immune system: from fundamental research to immunotherapy and vaccination
Coordinating university: Duisburg-Essen; additional co-applicant institution: Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Fudan University, Wuhan University
Funding since 2009

Other Collaborative Research Centres with the participation of Bochum-based researchers


SFB/TR 160: Coherent manipulation of interacting spin excitations in tailored semiconductors
Coordinating university: TU Dortmund, additional partners: Universität Paderborn, St. Petersburg University, Ioffe Institute St. Petersburg
Funding since 2015

SFB 823: Statistics of Nonlinear Dynamic Processes
Coordinating university: TU Dortmund, additional partner: Universität Duisburg-Essen
Funding since 2009