Oberseminar 2017/2018
Faculties » Faculty of Mathematics » Chairs » Mathematics VII - Analysis

WINTER 2017/18

The talks start at 16.15 in Seminar Room NA 5/24 .

24.10.2017   Carsten Haug (Neuchâtel) “On action selectors”

Abstract:
An action selector associates to every Hamiltonian function the action of one of its periodic orbits, in a continuous way. The mere existence of an action selector has many consequences in symplectic dynamics and geometry (like Gromov's non-squeezing theorem and the existence of closed orbits on energy surfaces of contact type). The first selectors were constructed for the standard symplectic vector space R^2n by Viterbo and Hofer-Zehnder, and then for (essentially) all symplectic manifolds by means of Floer homology (Schwarz, Oh, Usher). I will describe a more elementary construction of an action selector for manifolds $(M,\omega)$ with $[\omega] | \pi_2(M) = 0$, that uses only Gromov compactness. This is joint work with Alberto Abbondandolo and Felix Schlenk.


7.11.2017   Seongchan Kim (Augsburg)

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21.11.2017   Marco Mazzucchelli (ENS Lyon) “On the boundary rigidity problem for surfaces”

Abstract:
The classical boundary rigidity problem asks whether, or to what extent, the inner geometry of a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary can be determined by means of boundary measurements, such as the distance function among boundary points, or the geodesic scattering map. In my talk I will review this problem and some of the known results that are valid for "simple" Riemannian manifolds. I will then sketch the proof of some recent boundary rigidity results for non-simple Riemannian surfaces, including surfaces with trapped geodesics or with non-convex boundary. The talk is based on joint work with Colin Guillarmou and Leo Tzou.


28.11.2017   Daniel Rosen (Tel Aviv) "Dual caustics in Minkowski billiards"

Abstract:
Mathematical billiards are a classical and well-studied class of dynamical systems, "a mathematician’s playground". Convex caustics, which are curves to which billiard trajectories remain forever tangent, play an important role in the study of billiards. In this talk we will discuss convex caustic in Minkowski billiards, which is the generalization of classical billiards no non-Euclidean normed planes. In this case a natural duality arises from, roughly speaking, interchanging the roles of the billiard table and the unit ball of the (dual) norm. This leads to duality of caustics in Minkowski billiards. Such a pair of caustics is dual in a strong sense, and in particular they have equal perimeters and other classical parameters. We will show that, when the norm is Euclidean, every caustic possesses a dual caustic, but in general this phenomenon fails. Based on joint work with S. Artstein-Avidan, D. Florentin, and Y. Ostrover.


28.11.2017   Stefano Luzzatto (ICTP, Trieste) "Physical measures for dynamical systems"

Abstract:
We present the Palis and Viana conjectures on the existence of physical measures, review some of the literature, and describe some recent joint work with Climenhaga and Pesin on the existence of Sinai-Ruelle-Bowen physical measures for nonuniformly hyperbolic surface diffeomorphisms.


5.12.2017   Felix Schmäschke (Berlin) On geodesic flows with symmetries and closed magnetic geodesics on orbifolds

Abstract:
This talk is about a joint project with Luca Asselle. In the talk I explain how the magnetic flow on any (effective) orbifold lifts to a geodesic flow on a manifold admitting an action of a compact Lie group. We use this fact to prove that under some topological condition, more precisely that the orbifold is not rationally aspherical, then there exists a closed magnetic geodesic for almost every energy. We also give an account on how our approach yields an alternative proof of the known theorem by Guruprasad and Haeflinger about the existence of closed geodesics on orbifolds.


12.12.2017   Luis Diogo (Uppsala) Lifting Lagrangians from Donaldson-type divisors

Abstract:
We prove that there are infinitely many non-symplectomorphic monotone Lagrangian tori in complex projective spaces, quadrics and cubics of complex dimension at least 3. This result follows from a relation between the superpotential of a monotone Lagrangian L in a closed symplectic manifold Y and the superpotential of a Lagrangian lift of L to a closed symplectic manifold X, in which Y sits as a codimension 2 symplectic submanifold. This relation sometimes involves relative Gromov-Witten invariants of the pair (X,Y). The superpotential of a Lagrangian is a count of pseudoholomorphic disks (of Maslov index 2) with boundary on the Lagrangian, and it plays an important role in Floer theory and mirror symmetry. This is joint work with D. Tonkonog, R. Vianna and W. Wu.


12.12.2017   Christian Gloy (Hamburg) "Overtwisted contact structures in dimension three”

Abstract:
In this talk I will illustrate how M. Borman, Y. Eliashberg and E. Murphy proved in their fa- mous paper from 2014 that there is a parametric extension h-principle for overtwisted contact manifolds (M, ξ) in all dimensions 2n + 1. Basically, thanks to Gromov’s h-principle for (open) contact manifolds, the whole problem reduces to a local one, more specifically to an embedded annulus C = S2n × [0, 1] inside the manifold M. After partitioning C into smaller subannuli the main idea is to describe the remaining structure ξ on C by the graphs of sψ,s ∈ [0,1], for a suitable function ψ : S2n → R and achieve the loosely speaking rule: wherever ψ is positive, we can extend the contact structure over C and on regions where ψ could be negative we need to find some special holes of the structure ξ which are modelled by so called (Hamiltonian) contact shells. These shells are 2n + 1-balls BK which are essentially the region under the graph of a smooth function K : ∆ × S1 → R with K|∂∆×S1 > 0, ∆ a cylindrical domain, such that near the boundary of BK the almost contact structure ξ is completely determined by K and actually genuine contact. At this stage the notion of overtwisted discs and therefore overtwisted structures in higher dimensions comes into play and such discs will be used to fill the remaining special holes wrt. ξ with a genuine structure. It turns out that the structure we end with is indeed an overtwisted one on M. I will mainly discuss the 3−dimensional case and briefly point out where in higher dimensions more work is involved and the argument becomes more difficult.


19.12.2017   Robert Krawczyk (Gdansk) Homoclinic orbits for an almost periodically Newtonian system in R^3

Abstract:
We will be concerned with the existence of homoclinic solutions for a Newtonian system q ̈(t) + a(t)W (q(t)) = 0, where t ∈ R, q ∈ R^3. It is assumed that there is a line l ∈ R^3 \ {0} such that potential W ∈ C2(R^3 \ l,R) has a global maximum at the origin and the line l consists of singular points. Moreover, W satisfies the ”strong-force” condition in a neighbourhood of l and a: R → R is a continuous almost periodic function. The existence of at least two solutions will be discussed.


16.1.2018   Marie-Claude Arnaud (Avignon)

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IMPORTANT: this talk takes place on Friday at 14:15 .
26.1.2018   Christoph Thäle (RUB)

Abstract: